BIOT, THE GLASS FACTORY AND THE FERNAND LEGER MUSEUM


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BIOT, THE GLASS FACTORY AND THE FERNAND LEGER MUSEUM

Biot, 30 minutes from our vacation rentals in Bar sur Loup, 20 minutes from our apartments in Mougins

Repopulated in 1470 at the initiative of the King after the Black Death, the village of Biot develops and quickly became famous for its pottery and ceramics.
The walls of the village extend and during the 16th century and 17th century century, crops and pottery enrich the villagers. In 1707 and 1746 two invasions partially destroyed the village and the crops were devastated. From the 16th century, the jar industry developed to transform Biot into an important center of pottery production. However, in the nineteenth century, the pottery, quarrying and kiln cutting activities diminished.
At the beginning of the 20th century the decline of the pottery industry became more pronounced. Biot focuses on agriculture, mainly vines and horticulture, which regress around 1960 as a new activity begins to emerge. The business park of Sophia Antipolis, the first technology park in Europe, was created in 1970. It is located largely in the territory of Biot. The research centers of INRA (National Institute of Agronomic Research), INRIA (National Institute of Research in Computer Science and Automation), CNRS, the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis are located in Biot and there are high tech companies. Biot changes face and neighborhoods outside the village develop.
At the same time, art and craftsmanship flourish. Léger, Peynet, and many others settle in Biot and contribute to its fame. In 1956, Eloi Monod creates the Verrerie de Biot and its bubbled glass. Biot then becomes the city of crafts.

The glass factory of Biot

Glass does not exist without its master glassmaker. Each creation requires a presence, a special attention. The master glassmaker is a magician who exploits the secrets of earth and fire to create glass!
He is also a craftsman and a great artist: the originality of a process, an innate sense of volumes and surfaces and a creativity always on the alert.
The’gamins’ or glass apprentices are hired at La Verrerie de Biot between 16 and 18 years old. They then follow a training cycle which will bring them in 8 or 10 years by 7 successive grades to that of master glassmaker. The organization of the work takes into account the learning with the ultimate goal for everyone to become master glassmaker. If he has the ability and the desire to create, to express himself or the art in the glass, everything has been given to him so that he can stand on his own.

A must see
The Hall of Glassmakers (Free admission)
15 master glassmakers draw the living matter in the fire, blow, create and shape under the eyes of visitors unique objects in the world.
Since opening in 1956, the workshop has been open to the public, inviting them to understand the mysteries of the glass making of Biot and admire the craftsmanship of craftsmen.

“The master glassmakers” of La Verrerie de Biot are proud to demonstrate their know-how, as to transmit it to the kids they teach. “Anne Lechaczynski.
Of course, we will tell you how to get there and park easily.

Information: +33 (0) 4.93.65.03.00

Fernand Léger National Museum

Bringing together a unique collection of paintings, ceramics and drawings, the Fernand Léger National Museum’s collection allows everyone to discover this major avant-garde artist, from his Cubist researches to the colorful compositions of the 1950s. Contrasts in form and dynamism of color evoke the rhythm of the machine, the poetry of objects and the beauty of the great modern city.
Located at the foot of the historic center of Biot, in a Mediterranean park, the museum offers visitors a rich program of exhibitions, cultural activities (educational workshops, screenings, conferences, etc.) and audioguides in 7 languages. The garden refreshment bar, open from May to October, offers a pleasant setting to refresh after the visit.

Information: +33(0)4.92.91.50.20